Surgical applications of the iNCU Service

Together with the surgeon, the iNCU team plans the monitoring procedure for each surgical intervention individually and selects suitable modalities according to the specific requirements.

The following listing shows the most important applications, which are accompanied by our competent iNCU team >>:


Orthopedic spine surgery

  • Corrective spondylodesis
  • Cervical spine, ventral approach
  • Pedicle screw placement


  • Resection of supratentorial tumours
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Posterior fossa surgery
  • Spinal tumour surgery
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Rhizotomy
  • Cerebral aneurysms
  • Arachnoid cyst, tethered cord, conus-cauda syndrome
  • Peripheral nerve surgery
  • Hemifacial spasm
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Awake surgery

ENT surgery

  • Parotidectomy
  • Tympanoplast
  • Mastoidectomy
  • Cochlear implant

Vascular surgery

  • Carotid TEA
  • Thoraco-abdominal aortic surgery

General surgery

  • Strumectomy
  • Rectum surgery

Orthopedic surgery

  • Endoprothetic surgery

Pediatric surgery

  • Anal atresia

Monitoring techniques

  • EMG, DNS, SEP, MEP, AEP, VEP, DMS, D wave, laryngeal electrodes
  • DNS with bipolar and tripolar hook probe
  • Cortical Mapping, subcortical mapping, motor mapping, speech mapping,
  • Cortical stimulation with strip electrode, phase reversal with strip electrode
  • SEP with strip electrode
  • Continous vagus monitoring
  • Bladder pressure
  • pIOM® (pelvic Intraoperative Neuromonitoring), MEP